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Dreaming of the West: The power of the brand in Soviet Lithuania, 1960s–1980s

The article reveals the interest in foreign trademarks observed in Lithuanian society from the 1960s through the 1980s, when the demand for brand names spread after Western culture reached the Soviet Union. The consumption of Western cultural products, or imitations thereof, became one of the key symbolic expressions of freedom in Soviet society. In Lithuania, the most popular clothes were those bearing fake trademarks, even though Soviet authorities attempted to prevent the desire for and the wearing of these garments through the use of ideological tools.

Business history SSCI | 2020 | 62 (1)

Politics of multicultural education in post-Suharto Indonesia: a study of the Chinese minority

This article explores the role of schools in responding to the ambivalent relationships between the Chinese and non-Chinese in Indonesia. It examines the multicultural position that Indonesian teachers adopt and the pedagogical strategies they employ in promoting positive inter-ethnic relations. Through interviews with teachers in three schools with different student ethno-religious compositions in Medan, the article argues that the multiculturalism paradigm embraced by the majority of teachers leans towards a liberal multicultural outlook, employing mostly content integration and prejudice reduction. The heterogenous school in the study has more potential to empower a multicultural school culture due to the school demography compared to the homogenous school. However, such efforts still focus heavily on maximising intergroup contact and less on engaging students critically. This article considers theories of multiculturalism in tandem with Indonesian’s concept of nationalism and national identity, including the vision of diversity enshrined in the national motto Bhinneka-Tunggal-Ika (Unity-in-Diversity).

Compare (Print) SSCI | 2020 | 50 (1)

A Practical Approach to Representation of Real-time Building Control Applications in Simulation

Computer based automation and control systems are becoming increasingly important in smart sustainable buildings, of- ten referred to as automated buildings (ABs), in order to automatically control, optimize and supervise a wide range of building performance applications over a network while minimizing energy consumption and associated green house gas emission. This technology generally refers to building automation and control systems (BACS) architecture. Instead of costly and time-consuming experiments, this paper focuses on development and design of a distributed dynamic simulation environment with the capability to represent BACS architecture in simulation by run-time coupling two or more different software tools over a network. This involves using distributed dynamic simulations as means to analyze the performance and enhance networked real-time control systems in ABs and improve the functions of real BACS technology. The application and capability of this new dynamic simulation environment are demonstrated by an experimental design, in this paper.

International Journal of Automation and Computing EI | 2020 | 17 (3)

Sparse low-rank correction scalable video coding based on interactive region of interest viewpoint

On the basis of Wyner–Ziv video coding in transform domain, this paper studies the coding method of key frame and proposes a method of coding mode selection based on partition of frequency band: First of all, the key frames are transformed by DCT and they are divided into low-frequency band and high-frequency band according to the characteristics of frequency band. Then the low-frequency band and high-frequency band are encoded and decoded by Wyner–Ziv and intraframe, respectively. In this paper, the decision of coding mode is transferred to the decoder to be completed, which further improves the performance of the system without increasing the complexity of the encoder. Compared with the reference algorithm, the peak signal-to-noise ratio obtained by the proposed coding mode selection algorithm based on partition of frequency band is improved by 1–5 dB.

Journal of supercomputing EI,SCI,SCIE | 2020 | 76 (2)

Accounting for the resilience of the machine-tool industry in Spain (c. 1960–2015)

This article examines the evolution of the machine-tool industry in Spain between 1960 and 2015, its international competitiveness and its adaptability to the changes that have taken place in this industry worldwide as regards markets, technology and competitors. Drawing on the theoretical literature on the resilience of regions, cities and production systems, the article offers an exploratory analysis of the three main factors that account for the resilience of this industry in Spain: business size, flexibility and production specialisation; absorptive and innovative capacity; and geographical concentration in a region with an ecosystem that is highly supportive of skilled human capital training and innovation.

Business history SSCI | 2020 | 62 (4)